Minahan Group
Organization Strategy & Design


Interesting and pertinent ideas and articles by the group and others.

Most of the articles are in PDF format to retain their original formatting, and may be read directly on this site, or they can be downloaded and read locally on your computer.



True Teams vs. Working Groups

adapted from Katzenbach and Smith, 1993

True teams share leadership roles as they see fit;
Working groups have a strong & clearly focused leader.

True teams take mutual, collective, accountability;
Working groups take individual accountability.

True teams create specific team objectives that they deliver themselves;
Working groups' objectives are imposed, mandated, granted, and/or the same as the broader organizational mission.

True teams deliver collective products/outcomes;
Working groups deliver individual products/outcomes.

True teams encourage open-ended discussion and active problem solving meetings;
Working Groups runs efficient meetings.

True teams measure performance directly by assessing collective products/outcomes;
Working Groups measure effectiveness indirectly by their influence on others.

True teams discuss, decide, and do real work together;
Working Groups discuss, decide, and delegate.

True teams have open and honest dialogue;
Working Groups have polite discussions.

True teams have fun working together and laugh a lot;
Working Groups just work.

True teams can't wait to be together;
Working Groups meet because they have to.